G45 If your company exports to the region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo*, Serbia), what are the main obstacles to your exports?
Economy Need for hardcopy documents or certificates Need for licenses or permits Obscure or inconsistent rules of origin Unnecessary physical examinations or inspections VAT Slow import export procedures Wide variability in clearance times Classification uncertanty Customs delays Risks of unclear compliance rules My company doesn't export to the region DK/refuse
Balkan Barometer 2022
SEE 15 16 8 7 6 7 2 4 2 2 61
Albania 9 2 3 5 1 5 2 1 5 1 81
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
19 17 9 9 7 8 3 3 3 3 49
Croatia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kosovo* 56 54 14 3 2 4 2 4 0 0 28
North Macedonia 7 8 0 2 1 4 2 0 2 1 83
Montenegro 4 3 2 3 4 1 2 4 1 1 82
Serbia 12 17 10 9 8 9 2 6 1 1 58
Balkan Barometer 2021
SEE 18 19 8 12 13 13 8 2 8 3 6 37
Albania 11 29 3 11 5 18 5 5 16 3 5 37
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
26 23 25 21 25 26 13 2 13 0 0 13
Croatia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kosovo* 12 6 12 18 41 6 0 0 6 0 0 24
North Macedonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100
Montenegro 8 12 2 2 0 2 4 0 0 4 16 61
Serbia 32 28 4 16 14 12 16 2 10 6 6 16
Balkan Barometer 2020
SEE 13 10 4 5 4 7 2 1 3 2 69  
Albania 8 6 0 5 1 4 1 0 3 0 82  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
14 9 6 5 1 7 2 0 1 2 70  
Croatia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kosovo* 16 9 3 3 9 4 2 0 2 2 71  
North Macedonia 3 6 2 4 2 4 2 0 1 2 84  
Montenegro 11 9 2 8 5 5 2 3 1 1 69  
Serbia 15 13 4 5 5 10 2 2 4 1 61  
Balkan Barometer 2019
SEE 12 6 5 5 4 5 2 1 3 2 72  
Albania 6 3 3 8 1 5 2 2 5 3 78  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
19 9 8 5 6 7 5 1 2 1 58  
Croatia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Kosovo* 12 6 5 3 8 5 0 1 6 1 70  
North Macedonia 4 6 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 90  
Montenegro 13 6 2 4 7 2 1 0 0 1 79  
Serbia 21 8 9 13 2 9 5 2 5 6 55  
Balkan Barometer 2018
SEE 9 6 4 6 2 4 2 1 1 1 78  
Albania 5 1 1 4 1 4 1 0 2 1 86  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
7 4 4 9 3 8 6 0 1 0 72  
Croatia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a  
Kosovo* 8 10 4 3 9 3 1 1 1 0 77  
North Macedonia 3 5 2 3 2 4 1 1 2 0 85  
Montenegro 8 6 2 4 2 4 2 0 1 0 83  
Serbia 14 8 6 6 1 3 1 1 1 1 75  
Balkan Barometer 2017
SEE 11 6 5 6 2 4 3 3 2 4 72  
Albania 4 3 6 11 1 3 0 1 2 1 84  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
15 10 6 8 4 3 3 2 1 3 63  
Croatia 11 4 3 5 1 3 4 4 1 6 73  
Kosovo* 1 1 3 1 4 6 1 0 2 1 88  
North Macedonia 5 4 2 5 2 6 1 1 5 1 79  
Montenegro 10 5 3 2 2 5 2 0 1 3 79  
Serbia 16 10 6 7 4 5 4 3 1 3 67  
Balkan Barometer 2016
SEE 10 6 5 6 3 6 2 2 2 3 73  
Albania 3 4 2 9 1 7 3 5 13 1 71  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
9 3 3 6 3 6 2 1 3 4 73  
Croatia 9 7 6 8 0 7 2 1 2 2 72  
Kosovo* 5 5 2 3 6 2 1 2 2 1 85  
North Macedonia 5 4 2 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 87  
Montenegro 13 7 3 2 2 3 1 0 0 2 79  
Serbia 15 7 5 3 6 5 2 1 0 5 69  
Balkan Barometer 2015
SEE 6 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 75  
Albania 0 2 1 2 3 1 2 0 3 2 89  
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
3 6 7 7 2 3 2 3 0 2 64  
Croatia 6 4 4 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 72  
Kosovo* 1 2 1 1 4 2 0 3 4 1 89  
North Macedonia 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 91  
Montenegro 7 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 2 1 76  
Serbia 10 6 5 4 2 2 3 2 2 2 72