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Cyber-security [What Think Tanks are thinking] (2018)

Type: Journalist article Published: 10.05.2018

Cyber-security can be defined as the protection of computer systems and mobile devices from theft and damage to their hardware, software or information, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. Cyber-crime and cyber-attacks have become a growing threat to governments, ... read more


Open call for consulting services on Study on Cyber Security and Online Radicalization in Western Balkans

Type: Vacancies/Tenders/Consultancy Published: 13.03.2018

Project is a part of the RCC Regional P/CVE Platform, financed from IPA II 2016 WB P/CVE Grant We are looking for an expert who would do mapping and analysis of existing cyber security legal and practical arrangements in the Western Balkans Six (WB6) and main challenges to the security of critical infrastructure ... read more


UN - General Assembly Resolution A/RES/64/297 (2010)

Type: Official document Published: 08.09.2010

The  United  Nations  Global  Counter-Terrorism  Strategy,  contained  in  General Assembly resolution 60/288, and its review resolutions 62/272 and 64/297, continue to provide the strategic framework and policy guidance to the collective effort of the United Nations ... read more


137 Shades of Terrorism. French Jihadists Before the Courts (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 06.07.2018

This study, based on original judicial sources, assesses the profiles of 137 individuals sentenced in France for cases related to jihadism. Among other things, the study reveals several common denominators including a lower level of education, poorer integration into the labor market, ... read more


A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 06.02.2018

In order to meet the EU membership criteriaand in their own interest, the Western Balkans need to implement comprehensive reforms in crucial areas. The rule of law, fundamental rights and governancemust be strengthened significantly. Judicial reforms, the fight against corruption and organised ... read more


A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign And Security Policy (2016)

Type: Official document Published: 01.06.2016

In times of change and unpredictability, we need a strong European Union like never before. It is what our citizens deserve and what the wider world expects. The threats we face are too large for any single state to tackle, but together we can successfully meet challenges such as terrorism and ... read more


A Teacher’s Guide on the Prevention of Violent Extremism (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 06.07.2016

The Guide was developed within the framework of UNESCO’s work on Global Citizenship Education and in response to the request of UNESCO’s Member States for assistance in strengthening their education sector responses to violent extremism.  It seeks to help teachers to create ... read more


A Waiting Game: Assessing and Responding to the Threat from Returning Foreign Fighters in the Western Balkans

Type: Study / research article Published: 01.11.2017

This study, based on a combination of desk research, questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, as well as field visits to the Western Balkans, aims to map the needs and provide an assessment of capacities in the region related to the disengagement, de-radicalization, rehabilitation, and reintegration ... read more


Action plan for implementation of the Countering Violent Extremism Strategy (2016-2018)

Type: Official document Published: 23.04.2016

In its Conclusion no. 08-2906 dated 17 December 2015, the Government of Montenegro assigned the Ministry of Justice the duty to prepare and deliver the Action Plan for implementation of the CVE Strategy for the period 2016-2018 by the end of March 2016. Based on the aforementioned, the Minister ... read more


Activities of the UN System in implemeting the UN Global CT Strategy

Type: Official document Published: 12.04.2016

In 2006, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (resolution 60/288) by consensus and has since reviewed it every two years. The resulting four review resolutions add to the content of the Strategy and provide guidance on its implementation. The Assembly, in ... read more


Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime (2003)

Type: Official document Published: 28.01.2003

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems is an additional protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime. This additional protocol was the subject of negotiations in ... read more


Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems (2003)

Type: Official document Published: 28.01.2003

This Protocol entails an extension of the Cybercrime Convention’s scope, including its substantive, procedural and international cooperation provisions, so as to cover also offences of racist or xenophobic propaganda. Thus, apart from harmonising the substantive law elements of such behaviour, ... read more


Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (2015)

Type: Official document Published: 22.10.2015

The Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196) makes a number of acts, including taking part in an association or group for the purpose of terrorism, receiving terrorist training, travelling abroad for the purposes of terrorism and financing or organising ... read more


Albanian National Strategy on Countering Violent Extremism

Type: Official document Published: 18.11.2015

The Albanian nation is founded on democratic values and a tradition of inter-faith coexistence. Our common vision is to cultivate a society based on shared respect for human rights, the rule of law, equality, and fundamental freedoms. Peace, stability, and prosperity throughout the region are also ... read more


Amendments to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.2015

Makes it legally binding for States Parties to protect nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage as well as transport; and Provides for expanded cooperation between and among States regarding rapid measures to locate and recover stolen or smuggled nuclear material, mitigate ... read more


An Analysis of the Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS) – “Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe”, Implementation Plan and Challenges for Implementation

Type: Official document Published: 02.12.2016

 In June 2015, the European Council asked the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Mogherini (HR) to draft an overarching strategy for the EU’s foreign and security policy. The new strategy (adopted by the European Council in June 2016) is the result of a year-long ... read more


ANNEX to the A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 06.02.2018

In order to meet the EU membership criteriaand in their own interest, the Western Balkans need to implement comprehensive reforms in crucial areas. The rule of law, fundamental rights and governancemust be strengthened significantly. Judicial reforms, the fight against corruption and organised ... read more


APEC Cyber Security Strategy (2002)

Type: Official document Published: 21.10.2001

In 2002 TEL issued the APEC Cyber Security Strategy, comprising recommendations in the area of cybercrime legislation, security and technical guidelines, public awareness, and training and education. On October 21, 2001 the APEC Leaders issued their Statement on Counter-Terrorism that condemned ... read more


APEC Strategic Action Plan: 2010-2015

Type: Official document Published: 30.10.2010

Since APEC’s inception, Leaders and Ministers have recognized the important role that ICT plays in fostering economic growth and in achieving the overarching APEC objectives of trade and investment liberalization, business facilitation and, economic and technical cooperation. To achieve ... read more


APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group (APEC TEL WG) 2016-2020

Type: Journalist article Published: 07.03.2018

APEC’s goals and activities in the field of cyber security are enshrined in the APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group (APEC TEL WG) 2016-2020, adopted on the basis of the previous APEC TEL Strategic Action Plan 2010-2015. One of the actions is to ‘Promote a Secure, Resilient ... read more


Assessment of Macedonia’s efforts in countering violent extremism, view from civil society (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 01.12.2016

This policy study aims to provide a better understanding of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’s specific situation when it comes to violent extremism. Moreover, it attempts to map the current trend of violent extremism (VE) in Macedonia and the Western Balkans region by un-derlining the ... read more


Balkan Foreign Fighters Are Coming Back: What Should Be Done? (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 17.07.2018

This policy paper addresses the issue of returning foreign fighters to the Western Balkans by analysing the threat and the response. It discusses key actions that local authorities should consider. Recommendations here derive from existing strategies and approaches in other states. “Hard” measures ... read more


BETWEEN SALVATION AND TERROR: RADICALIZATION AND THE FOREIGN FIGHTER PHENOMENON IN THE WESTERN BALKANS (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 15.11.2017

Over the last five years, a rise in radicalizing forces in the Western Balkans has manifested in the emergence of the foreign fighter phenomenon – the single most obvious indication of radicalization into violent extremism in the region. This has brought new security challenges and risks, including ... read more


Between Salvation and Terror: Radicalization and the foreign fighter phenomenon in the Western Balkans (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.04.2018

Much of the public interest in the foreign fighter phenomenon has focused on Western Europe and the Middle East. The situation in the Balkans, by contrast, has received comparatively little attention. This book is the first comprehensive account of who the foreign fighters from the Balkans are, ... read more


Beyond Terrorism: Deradicalization and Disengagement from Violent Extremism (2008)

Type: Study / research article Published: 05.03.2008

Terrorist movements have been recognized by many scholars to be cyclical in nature, yet little attention has been paid to the ways in which they have declined and eventually come to an end. Similarly, while much current attention has focused on the process of radicalization and the espousal of ... read more


BLUE SKY IV: CLOUDS DISPERSING? An independent analysis of UN counterterrorism efforts in advance of the sixth review of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in 2018

Type: Journalist article Published: 14.05.2018

This report is the fourth in the Global Center’s “Blue Sky” series, following the 2012 report Reshaping United Nations Counterterrorism Efforts: Blue-Sky Thinking for Global Counterterrorism Cooperation 10 Years After 9/11”; the 2014 report “Blue Sky II: Progress and Opportunities in ... read more


CODEXTER - former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Profile on Counter-Terrorist Capacity (March 2010)

Type: Study / research article Published: 20.03.2010

At their 25th Conference, the European Ministers of Justice invited the Committee of Ministers to consider the possible setting up of a European register of national and international standards, starting as a matter of priority with standards in the field of the fight against terrorism. The Committee ... read more


Combating the Cult of ISIS: A Social Approach to Countering Violent Extremism (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 17.08.2017

This article argues that status quo Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) programs are rarely based on a theoretically informed understanding of how radical violent mobilization occurs. Examining ISIS radicalization through cult or New Religious Movement (NRM) theory gives practitioners alternative ... read more


COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON TERRORISM (CODEXTER) - PROFILES ON COUNTER-TERRORIST CAPACITY - ALBANIA (2014)

Type: Official document Published: 05.11.2014

Terrorism, in all forms and manifestations, constitute one of the most serious threats to international peace and security. It is at present and will remain, one of the most serious threats to peace, stability, national and international security. For this reason, the Republic of Albania considers ... read more


Consolidated Reference for OSCE Anti-Terrorism Efforts

Type: Official document Published: 20.02.2017

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Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (1971 )

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1971

Makes it an offence for any person unlawfully and intentionally to perform an act of violence against a person on board an aircraft in flight, if that act is likely to endanger the safety of the aircraft; to place an explosive device on an aircraft; to attempt such acts; or to be an accomplice ... read more


Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (1988)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1988

Establishes a legal regime applicable to acts against international maritime navigation that is similar to the regimes established for international aviation; and Makes it an offence for a person unlawfully and intentionally to seize or exercise control over a ship by force, threat, or intimidation; ... read more


Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (1970 )

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1970

Makes it an offence for any person on board an aircraft in flight to "unlawfully, by force or threat thereof, or any other form of intimidation, [to] seize or exercise control of that aircraft" or to attempt to do so; Requires parties to the convention to make hijackings punishable ... read more


Convention on Cybercrime (2001)

Type: Official document Published: 23.11.2001

The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention, is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations.[1][2] ... read more


Convention on Cybercrime (2001)

Type: Official document Published: 23.11.2001

The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures ... read more


Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed On Board Aircraft (1963 )

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1963

Applies to acts affecting in-flight safety; Authorizes the aircraft commander to impose reasonable measures, including restraint, on any person he or she has reason to believe has committed or is about to commit such an act, where necessary to protect the safety of the aircraft; and Requires ... read more


Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection (1991)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1991

Designed to control and limit the used of unmarked and undetectable plastic explosives Parties are obligated in their respective territories to ensure effective control over "unmarked" plastic explosive, i.e., those that do not contain one of the detection agents described in the Technical Annex ... read more


Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (1980)

Type: Official document Published: 03.03.1980

Criminalizes the unlawful possession, use, transfer or theft of nuclear material and threats to use nuclear material to cause death, serious injury or substantial property damage. read more


Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons (1973 )

Type: Official document Published: 14.12.1973

Defines an "internationally protected person" as a Head of State, Minister for Foreign Affairs, representative or official of a State or international organization who is entitled to special protection in a foreign State, and his/her family; and Requires parties to criminalize and make ... read more


Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation (2010 )

Type: Official document Published: 10.09.2010

Criminalizes the act of using civil aircraft as a weapon to cause death, injury or damage; Criminalizes the act of using civil aircraft to discharge biological, chemical and nuclear (BCN) weapons or similar substances to cause death, injury or damage, or the act of using such substances to attack ... read more


Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 16.05.2005

The Council of Europe decided to update and widen its 1990 Convention to take into account the fact that not only could terrorism be financed through money laundering from criminal activity, but also through legitimate activities. This new Convention is the first international treaty covering ... read more


Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 16.05.2005

The Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism 2005 (CECPT) is a regional multilateral treaty negotiated under the auspices of the Council of Europe. It was concluded in Warsaw on 16 May 2005. read more


Council of the European Union conclusions on enlargement and stabilisation and association process (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 27.06.2018

Council of the European Union adopted conclusions on the EU's enlargement policy and the EU-Western Balkans stabilisation and association process on 26 June 2018. One of Council conclusions regarding Security threats: ·        Terrorism, radicalisation ... read more


Countering Radicalization in Europe (2012)

Type: Study / research article Published: 04.03.2012

Although programs seeking to achieve similar goals have been implemented in various countries for decades, over the  last ten years counter-radicalization programs mushroomed  throughout the world. Over time, based on direct experience and  academic studies, many governments have ... read more


Countering terrorism

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

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Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalisation that Lead to Terrorism: Ideas, Recommendations, and Good Practices from the OSCE Region

Type: Study / research article Published: 25.09.2017

There is practically no country in the OSCE that has not been affected by violent extremism. In 2016, terrorist attacks in OSCE participating States caused more than one thousand deaths. They destroyed billions of Euros worth of property and infrastructure, undermined people’s confidence in government ... read more


Countering violent extremism-Topic guide (2017)

Type: Journalist article Published: 08.03.2017

This GSDRC Topic Guide was written by Mareike Schomerus and Sherine El Taraboulsi-McCarthy (both of the Overseas Development Institute) with Jassi Sandhar. Its production was supported by the UK Government. GSDRC appreciates the contributions of Shivit Bakrania, James Golshetti, Rami Khouri, Dina Mansour-Ille, ... read more


Counterterrorism Yearbook (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 14.05.2018

The Counterterrorism Yearbook 2018 provides a comprehensive assessment of how different countries and regions across the world are tackling the threat of terrorism. The objective of the yearbook is to communicate the complex and often impenetrable aspects of counterterrorism (CT) measures to a ... read more


Criminal code of the Republic of Albania

Type: Official document Published: 01.01.1970

In the fight against terrorism, the general provisions of Albania's legal framework are established to prevent and punish all kinds of crime, including terrorism. In accordance with the legislation of Albania, the legal provisions for the fight against terrorism are incorporated in penal law. Albania's ... read more


Criminal Code of the Republic of Bulgaria (1968, amended 2017)

Type: Official document Published: 19.12.2017

Bulgaria prosecutes terrorism under several general provisions of the Penal Code, which has been amended multiple times since it was first enacted in 1968. In 2015, the National Assembly adopted amendments to the Penal Code that provide for the prosecution of individuals, including foreign terrorist ... read more


Criminal Code of the Republic of Slovenia (2008)

Type: Official document Published: 10.04.2008

The new Criminal Code that entered into force in 2008 contains a wide list of terrorism related offences. Article 108 defines the criminal offence of terrorism, Article 109 financing of terrorism, Article 110 instigation and public praise of terrorist acts and Article 111 recruitment and training ... read more


Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Croatia (2009)

Type: Official document Published: 03.07.2009

(1) This Act establishes the rules which guarantee that an innocent person shall not be convicted and that a punishment or some other measure shall be imposed on the person who commits a criminal offence, under the conditions stipulated by law and in lawful proceedings before the competent court. (2) ... read more


Croatian Anti Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Law (Official Gazette 87/2008)

Type: Official document Published: 18.07.2008

This Law shall prescribe: 1.measures and actions in banking and non-banking financial operations, money-related and other operations taken for the purpose of the prevention and detection of money laundering and terrorist financing; 2.reporting entities subject to this Law obliged to implement ... read more


Croatian Counter-terrorism Strategy: challenges, prevention and response system (2013)

Type: Study / research article Published: 28.03.2013

The Republic of Croatia is a transitional as well as a post-conflict country, building its international and security strategy on the principals of cooperative security and partnership in international relations. After the September 11, 2001, Croatia has accepted the goals of antiterrorist coalition ... read more


Croatian Criminal Code (2003)

Type: Official document Published: 17.07.2003

Croatian Parliament adopted on 18 December 2008 a set of important amendments to the Criminal Code in regards to counterterrorism provisions. Terrrorism is defined in Article 169. However, on 21 October 2011 the Croatian Parliament adopted the new Criminal Code which introduced important changes with ... read more


DCAF Support to the Integrative Internal Security Governance (IISG) in the Western Balkans

Type: Journalist article Published: 07.03.2018

The Western Balkan Counter-Terrorism Initiative (WBCTi) was recognised and widely supported by EU, regional and international security actors active in the Western Balkans (see separate briefing on WBCTi). The concept of Integrative Internal Security Governance (IISG) in the Western Balkans was ... read more


Department of State and USAID Joint Strategy on Countering Violent Extremism

Type: Official document Published: 26.05.2016

Threats from violent extremism increasingly undermine security and development around the globe. From Afghanistan to Nigeria, terrorists seek to expand their reach and resonance by exploiting ongoing conflicts and insurgency, joining forces with criminal networks, establishing safe havens in weak and ... read more


Draft Council Conclusions on the Integrative and Complementary Approach to Counter-Terrorism and Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans (2015)

Type: Official document Published: 16.11.2015

Following the discussions in the Terrorism Working Party (TWP) and the joint TWP-COTER meeting in 2014 on the threat posed by the rise of violent extremism in the Western Balkans, recent terrorist attacks and arrests of several violent extremist leaders in the Western Balkans, it was agreed under ... read more


Draft Revised Guidelines for the EU Strategy for Combating Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism (2017)

Type: Official document Published: 24.05.2017

The Council on 4 December 2014 agreed on a set of guidelines to complement the Revised EU Strategy for Combating Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism, endorsed in June 2014. Under point 2 of the guidelines "in order to ensure that new and emerging threats are effectively addressed, ... read more


Dynamics of Radicalization and Violent Extremism in Kosovo*

Type: Study / research article Published: 20.03.2017

This Special Report explores the dynamics of radicalization and violent extremism in Kosovo* with a special focus on the flow of foreign fighters to Syria and Iraq as the most prominent symptom of a multifaceted religious militancy problem facing the country and the region of the Western Balkans. Part ... read more


Dynamics of Radicalization and Violent Extremism in Kosovo* (2016)

Type: Journalist article Published: 08.12.2016

This Special Report explores the dynamics of radicalization and violent extremism in Kosovo* with a special focus on the flow of foreign fighters to Syria and Iraq as the most prominent symptom of a multifaceted religious militancy problem facing the country and the region of the Western Balkans. Part ... read more


Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

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Enhancing the Understanding of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon in Syria (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 26.02.2018

The aim of this report is to expand understanding of the FTF phenomenon in Syria by examining why the interviewees chose to act in the way they did. The report records the reasons individual FTFs have given to explain their decision to leave their countries of residence or nationality to join armed ... read more


EU Cybersecurity initiatives: working towards a more secure online environment (2017)

Type: Journalist article Published: 07.01.2017

Since the adoption of the EU Cybersecurity Strategy in 2013, the European Commission has stepped up its efforts to better protect Europeans online. It has adopted a set of legislative proposals, in particular on network and information security, earmarked more than €600 million of EU investment ... read more


EU terrorism situation and trend report (Europol) (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 07.03.2017

This new edition of the yearly EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TE-SAT), which Europol has produced since 2007, provides a concise overview of the nature of terrorism that the EU faced in 2016. In this report you will find information on terrorist attacks that occurred in 2016 and the ... read more


European Convention on the Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes (1983)

Type: Official document Published: 05.03.1983

DeutschEnglishfrançaisitalianoрусский This Convention puts upon States that become a Party to it the obligation to compensate the victims of intentional and violent offences resulting in bodily injury or death. The obligation to compensate is limited to offences committed ... read more


European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism (1977)

Type: Official document Published: 27.01.1977

The Convention is designed to facilitate the extradition of persons having committed acts of terrorism. To this end, it lists the offences that Parties undertake not to consider as political offences, or as offences connected with political offences, or as offences inspired by political motives, ... read more


European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 17.06.2017

Although the phenomenon of foreign fighters is certainly not new, recent developments in Syria and Iraq have put this issue back on the European Union’s security agenda. The Western Balkan region is not an exception to this trend. Violent extremism in the region is generally perceived through ... read more


EUROPEAN UNION TERRORISM SITUATION AND TREND REPORT (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 26.06.2018

In 2017 European countries were again hit by terrorist attacks and there were many innocent victims of this indiscriminate violence. It therefore goes without saying that combatting terrorism remains a top priority for Europol. To fight terrorism, it is essential to have optimal information exchange ... read more


Evaluate your CVE Results: Projecting your Impact (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 17.07.2018

This document provides standards of practice for monitoring, measuring and evaluating (MM&E) the results of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) programs and projects, to include projected impact. It was developed based on existing good practice in the field and originally designed to be an internal ... read more


Evaluating Countering Violent Extremism Programming - Practice and Progress (2013)

Type: Study / research article Published: 01.07.2013

Evaluating Countering Violent Extremism Programming - Practice and Progress By Naureen Chowdhury Fink, Peter Romaniuk And Rafia Barakat Source: Link read more


Explanatory Report to the European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism (2001)

Type: Official document Published: 05.03.2001

The Council of Europe’s response to the terrorist attacks of unprecedented violence committed in the United States of America on 11 September 2001 was both firm and immediate. In its declaration of 12 September 2001, the Committee of Ministers immediately condemned "with the utmost force ... read more


Final report of the High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 19.03.2018

The analysis presented in the Report starts from a shared understanding of disinformation as a phenomenon that goes well beyond the term "fake news". Disinformation as defined in this Report includes all forms of false, inaccurate, or misleading information designed, presented and promoted ... read more


Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ] Criminal Code

Type: Official document Published: 23.07.1996

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - Criminal Code (consolidated version with the amendments from March 2004, June 2006, January 2008 and September 2009) Came into effect: 1 November 1996, read more


Fourth report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Da’esh) to international peace and security and the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat

Type: Official document Published: 02.02.2017

 In adopting its resolution 2253 (2015), the Security Council expressed its determination to address the threat posed to international peace and security by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Da’esh)1 and associated individuals and groups, and emphasized the importance of ... read more


Good Practices in Supporting Victims of Terrorism within the Criminal Justice Framework

Type: Official document Published: 01.10.2015

Every year, acts of terrorism kill, injure and harm thousands of innocent victims of all races, cultures and religious beliefs all over the world. In the past, victims of crime, including terrorism, have too often been the forgotten parties in the criminal justice system. In recent years, however, there ... read more


Grounds for the P-R-A Mechanism(s) in The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (2018)

Type: Official document Published: 12.04.2018

Map of activities for the development of the P-R-A Mechanism(s) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, concluded at the workshop, organized within the framework of the First Line Project. Between 26 – 28 March 2018 the EU-supported Project “First Line” led by Slovenia, Austria, Belgium, ... read more


Handbook on Children Recruited and Exploited by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups: The Role of the Justice System

Type: Study / research article Published: 26.01.2018

UNODC launched the Handbook on Children Recruited and Exploited by Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups: The Role of the Justice System, the first United Nations publication on the topic. The event was attended by representatives of 48 countries. "The world has been forced to face the reality ... read more


Improving the impact of preventing violent extremism programming - A toolkit for design, monitoring and evaluation (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 14.05.2018

This toolkit provides guidance to development practitioners and specialists to improve the design, monitoring and evaluation of programmes that focus on preventing violent extremism (PVE). In 2016, the UN Secretary-General put forward a Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, which laid out the ... read more


Initiatives to Prevent/Counter Violent Extremism in South East Europe: A Survey of Regional Issues, Initiatives and Opportunities (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 09.08.2016

The topic of violent extremism has increasingly become a part of policy discussions among domestic officials, international actors, academic researchers and civic activists in South East Europe over the past several years. This study, commissioned by the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC), is aimed ... read more


Integrative Internal Security Governance (IISG) in the Western Balkans (2017)

Type: Official document Published: 08.09.2017

The integrative and complementary approach in the prevention of violent extremism and countering terrorism in the Western Balkans was applied in late 2015 at the EU level with the formal adoption of the “Council Conclusions on the Integrative and complemen tary approach to counter-terrorism and ... read more


Internal Security Strategy for the European Union (2010)

Type: Official document Published: 26.03.2010

This text, adopted by the Justice and Home Affairs Council at its meeting on 25 and 26 February 2010, was approved by the European Council on 25 and 26 March 2010. In December 2003, the European Union adopted the European security strategy, which looked at the external aspect of Europe’s security. ... read more


International Convention against the Taking of Hostages (1979)

Type: Official document Published: 01.09.1979

Provides that "any person who seizes or detains and threatens to kill, to injure, or to continue to detain another person in order to compel a third party, namely, a State, an international intergovernmental organization, a natural or juridical person, or a group of persons, to do or abstain ... read more


International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.2015

Covers a broad range of acts and possible targets, including nuclear power plants and nuclear reactors; Covers threats and attempts to commit such crimes or to participate in them, as an accomplice; Stipulates that offenders shall be either extradited or prosecuted; Encourages States to cooperate ... read more


International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1997

Creates a regime of universal jurisdiction over the unlawful and intentional use of explosives and other lethal devices in, into, or against various defined public places with intent to kill or cause serious bodily injury, or with intent to cause extensive destruction of the public place.   read more


International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (1999)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1999

Requires parties to take steps to prevent and counteract the financing of terrorists, whether direct or indirect, through groups claiming to have charitable, social or cultural goals or which also engage in illicit activities such as drug trafficking or gun running; Commits States to hold those ... read more


Inventory of Policy Documents and Legislation adopted by OSCE participating States and Partners for Co-operation on VERLT

Type: Official document Published: 14.12.2016

A questionnaire was circulated to OSCE participating States and Partners for Co-operation on 21 January 2014 (SEC.GAL/8/14) requesting information about national strategies or action plans adopted by participating States and Partners for Co-operation in the field of countering VERLT, as well as about ... read more


Islamic State’s English-language Magazines, 2014-2017: Trends & Implications for CT-CVE Strategic Communications

Type: Study / research article Published: 14.05.2018

Islamic State (IS) has used English-language magazines as a crucial component of its propaganda strategy, particularly targeting Muslims living in the West. This paper provides a quick reference guide to IS’s English-language magazines released between June 2014 and September 2017 examining key ... read more


LAW AMENDING THE CRIMINAL CODE BIH - 47_14- Unlawful Establishing and Joining Foreign Paramilitary or Parapolice Formations 162b

Type: Official document Published: 06.06.2014

In the Criminal Code of Bosnia and Herzegovina (“Official Gazette of BiH”, nos. 3/03, 32/03, 37/03, 54/04, 61/04, 30/05, 53/06, 55/06, 32/07 & 8/10) after Article 162a., a new Article 162b. shall be added to read as follows: “Article 162b. (Unlawful Establishing and Joining Foreign Paramilitary ... read more


Law on fight against terrorism of Turkey - Act Nr. 3713

Type: Official document Published: 12.04.1991

Aims to aggravate the terms of imprisonment and punishments applicable to terrorists, to journalists who publish declarations emanating from terrorist organizations, to people who propogate against the unity of the state and to people and institutions that provide assistance to terrorist organizations. ... read more


Law on Money Laundering Prevention and Other Criminal Proceeds and Financing Terrorism (2008)

Type: Official document Published: 20.01.2008

This Law shall lay down the measures and actions for detection and prevention of money laundering and other criminal proceeds and financing terrorism. read more


Law on prevention and combating money laundering and terrorism financing (2008)

Type: Official document Published: 26.07.2007

On 27th October 2005 modifications to the Law on Prevention and Combating Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing were adopted, through which the Resolution 1267 (2001) of the UN security Council was partially implemented and consequently, new modifications were introduced to the Criminal Code of ... read more


Legislative framework for the prevention of terrorist financing in the Republic of Croatia - Criminal Code (Official Gazette 125/2011)

Type: Official document Published: 05.04.2011

Definition of terrorist financing and other related criminal acts: Articles 97 – Article 103 read more


Mandate of the Terrorism Prevention Branch

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) began to focus on counter-terrorism issues in 1999. Following the approval in 2002 of a strengthened programme of activities, UNDOC's Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) was mandated to provide, upon request, technical assistance to Member States for ... read more


Manifesto for Education – Empowering Educators and Schools

Type: Journalist article Published: 16.03.2018

The RAN paper entitled “Manifesto for Education – Empowering Educators and Schools”, intended for the group of people who have the potential to be some of the most influential in the lives of our young people and to help them truly prevent violent extremism (the educator, the school, the partners ... read more


May 2018 directive on strengthened rules to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing (PE-CONS 72/17)

Type: Official document Published: 26.04.2018

DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU read more


Measures Against the Financing of Terrorism Act (2003, as amanded 2008)

Type: Official document Published: 28.03.2008

According to the Measures Against the Financing of Terrorism Act anyone who knows that certain operations or transactions are intended to finance terrorism must report them to the Minister of Interior and Chairman of the State Agency for National Security. This Act defines the measures against the ... read more


Monitoring and Impact Assessment

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) places important emphasis on measuring and assessing the impact and relevance of its activities, as a means to ensuring that the technical assistance provided is efficient, sustainable and most importantly, responsive ... read more


Montenegro - Countering violent extremism strategy 2016-2018

Type: Official document Published: 01.02.2016

The Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Strategy has been developed as part of the Government of Montenegro’s effort to effectively address the problems of radicalization and violent extremism. It represents an integral part of the Government of Montenegro’s multifaceted contribution to the ... read more


Montenegro Strategy for the Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism, Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing

Type: Official document Published: 16.03.2015

The coordinated acting of the Montenegrin authorities resulted in the production of a new Strategy for the Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism, Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing1 aimed at ensuring stability, the protection of life and property of citizens. The Strategy incorporated security ... read more


National Security Strategy of Croatia (2002)

Type: Official document Published: 19.03.2002

This document underlines the importance of implementing a series of specific measures for the purpose of neutralising security risks such as terrorism and organised crime. These measures comprise the following: establishment of an efficient system of border control in the Republic of Croatia; deepening ... read more


National Security Strategy of the Republic of Bulgaria (2011)

Type: Official document Published: 25.02.2011

It defines national policy as an integral part in the efforts of the global democratic community to extend the zone of stability, co-operation and prosperity through neutralisation of global threats, a key aspect of which is terrorism. read more


NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA (2009)

Type: Official document Published: 07.10.2009

The National Security Strategy of the Republic of Serbia (hereinafter: the National Security Strategy) is the most important strategic document that defines the basis of security policy in the protection of national interests of the Republic of Serbia. Starting point of national security strategy ... read more


National Strategy for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism in the United States (2011)

Type: Official document Published: 01.08.2011

Released in 2011, this national strategy guides domestic CVE activities across the federal government. This strategy outlines how the Federal Government will support and help empower American communities and their local partners in their grassroots efforts to prevent violent extremism. The strategy ... read more


National strategy for fight against money laundering and financing of terrorism (2017)

Type: Official document Published: 20.05.2017

Money laundering is a gradual process of conversion of income collected from illegal activities in funds deriving from seemingly legal sources, which real source, nature and ownership cannot be revealed. Financing of terrorism is a process of providing and collecting assets or funds in any way, ... read more


National strategy of the Republic of Kosovo* for the prevention of and Fight against informal economy, money laundering, terrorist financing and financial crimes 2014-2018

Type: Official document Published: 26.02.2018

The Government of the Republic of Kosovo* has indicated the will to fight against informal economy, money laundering, financing of terrorism and financial crimes. This has been done by drafting and implementing a wide range of national legislation to comply with international standards and by establishing ... read more


National Survey on Bullying and Violent Extremism In the Education System of Albania (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 06.03.2017

The “National survey on bullying and violent extremism in the education system of Albania ” was commissioned by Council of Europe to address the lack of current, reliable evidence about the nature and prevalence of bullying and violent extremism in the Albania education context, and to provide ... read more


No widespread support for religious extremists in Macedonia and the Balkans” (2015)

Type: Official document Published: 01.09.2015

One lurking danger that is constantly on the agenda of any government in the Balkans is the threat of the growing radical Islamist community. This is a pressing concern as there is a sizeable Muslim population in the region. It ranges from more than 90% in Kosovo to 45% in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... read more


Organization of the Terrorism Prevention Branch

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

Located within the Division for Treaty Affairs of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) relies on the services of nearly 50 staff at headquarters in Vienna and in the field to ensure the planning, delivery, coordination and management of counter-terrorism ... read more


OSCE activities to Counter FTF Phenomenon

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

The OSCE is well equipped to contribute to countering the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) with its comprehensive approach to security, its dedicated Action against Terrorism Unit with the Transnational Threats Department (TNTD/ATU), its network of 16 field operations in South-Eastern ... read more


OSCE Activities to Prevent and Counter VERLT

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

Countering violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism following a multi-dimensional approach is a strategic focus area for OSCE counter-terrorism activities (PC.DEC/1063). The OSCE has adopted a comprehensive ministerial declaration on this issue. read more


OSCE Consolidated Framework for the Fight Against Terrorism

Type: Official document Published: 07.12.2012

The OSCE’s contribution to broader international efforts against terrorism was given particular impetus with the adoption of the Bucharest Plan of Action for Combating Terrorism in December 2001 and the OSCE Charter on Preventing and Combating Terrorism in December 2002. Over the past ten years, the ... read more


OSCE Counter-Terrorism Network (CTN) Newsletter No. 121 (March - April 2018)

Type: Journalist article Published: 11.05.2018

OSCE Counter-Terrorism Network (CTN) Newsletter No. 121 (March - April 2018)   read more


OSCE Handbook on Data Collection in support of Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

This handbook provides an overview of data collection practices that may assist countries in developing or improving systems to capture useful statistics on national Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) regimes. read more


Overview of OSCE Counter-Terrorism related commitments

Type: Official document Published: 01.02.2017

read more


P-R-A Mechanism (Concept Paper)

Type: Journalist article Published: 07.07.2017

The “Prevent-Refer-Address” (P-R-A) is a concept for setting up efficient inter-agency platforms in each of the WB Beneficiaries, intended to prevent, refer and address cases of Radicalisation leading to Violent Extremism and Terrorism. While established primarily at the state level, the arrangement ... read more


Partnership with International, Regional and Sub-regional Organizations

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

Where possible, activities draw on existing UNODC in-house expertise, such as that in Anti-Money Laundering, Organized Crime and Corruption, as well as in the Justice Section and Legal Advisory Section. The Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) pays special attention to maximizing the impact of its work ... read more


Partnership with United Nations System Entities

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

The Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has been actively contributing to the work of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) ever since its establishment in 2005, thus ensuring that UNODC's counter-terrorism work is ... read more


Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism

Type: Official document Published: 24.12.2015

Violent extremism is an affront to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. It undermines peace and security, human rights and sustainable development. No country or region is immune from its impacts. read more


Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism : report of the UN Secretary-General A/70/674 (2015)

Type: Official document Published: 22.12.2015

In the Plan, the Secretary-General calls for a comprehensive approach encompassing not only essential security-based counter-terrorism measures but also systematic preventive steps to address the underlying conditions that drive individuals to radicalize and join violent extremist groups. The Plan ... read more


Preliminary analysis of the principal gaps in Member States’ capacities to implement Security Council resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005) that may hinder their abilities to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters pursuant to Security Council resolution 2178 (2014)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.2014

In resolution 2178 (2014), the Security Council addresses the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters and requests the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate to support the Counter-Terrorism Committee in three key areas: (a) Identification of gaps in Member States’implementation ... read more


Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.04.2016

In recent years, the processes of radicalisation leading to violent extremism have greatly evolved. The variety of ideologies that provide inspiration for extremist groups is growing and include religious inspired extremism, left wing, anarchist and right wing ideologies as well as nationalist and ... read more


Preventing Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terroirsm

Type: Official document Published: 01.02.2014

Terrorism is a denial of democracy and of human rights, which are at the very core of the OSCE. No country in the OSCE area or beyond is immune to the threat of terrorism: it is real, pervasive and multifaceted, but it should be carefully assessed to ensure that it is neither exaggerated nor minimized. ... read more


PREVENTING VIOLENT EXTREMISM THROUGH PROMOTING INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT, TOLERANCE AND RESPECT FOR DIVERSITY A development response to addressing radicalization and violent extremism (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 27.01.2016

In recent years, the world has witnessed new waves of violent extremism that have taken the lives of many innocent people. Whether based on religious, ethnic or political grounds, extremist ideologies glorify the supremacy of a particular group, and oppose a more tolerant and inclusive society. ... read more


Prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing act (2007)

Type: Official document Published: 06.07.2007

The Act on the Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing was adopted in July 2007 and came into force as a whole at the end of January 2008. On its basis, several executive regulations were adopted. The new Law has replaced the previous Law on the Prevention of Money Laundering and ... read more


Prevention of Violent Extremism: Teachers’ manual (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 06.05.2018

The “Prevention of Violent Extremism: Teacher’s Guide” key objectives are to raise the awareness of institutions working in this field, foster cooperation with the community, and build institutional capacities to better address the challenges they face. Available also in Albanian and Serbian ... read more


Profiles on counter-terrorism capacity: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Type: Study / research article Published: 26.02.2018

Taking into account the geo-strategic position of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereafter B&H), as a country situated in South-East Europe, its institutions attach great importance to the prevention of and fight against all types of terrorism. Through its actions, B&H has reaffirmed its position ... read more


Protocol amending the European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 15.05.2003

The main features of the Amending Protocol are the following: the list of offences to be "depoliticised" has been extended considerably to cover all the offences described in the relevant UN anti-terrorist Conventions and Protocols. the introduction of a simplified amendment procedure, ... read more


Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (1988)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1988

Establishes a legal regime applicable to acts against fixed platforms on the continental shelf that is similar to the regimes established against international aviation. read more


Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 14.10.2005

Adapts the changes to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation to the context of fixed platforms located on the continental shelf. read more


Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (1988 )

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.1988

Extends the provisions of the Montreal Convention to encompass terrorist acts at airports serving international civil aviation read more


Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (2010 )

Type: Official document Published: 01.08.2010

Supplements the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft by expanding its scope to cover different forms of aircraft hijackings, including through modern technological means; Incorporates the provisions of Beijing Convention relating to a threat or conspiracy to commit an offence. read more


Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (2005)

Type: Official document Published: 27.02.2005

Criminalizes the use of a ship as a device to further an act of terrorism; Criminalizes the transport on board a ship various materials knowing that they are intended to be used to cause, or in a threat to cause, death or serious injury or damage to further an act of terrorism; Criminalizes ... read more


Rabat Plan of Action on the prohibition of advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence (2012)

Type: Official document Published: 25.06.2012

As the experts highlighted, the Rabat Plan of Action on the prohibition of advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence aims to facilitate and reinforce the implementation and protection of human rights in this difficult context. read more


Radicalisation and violent extremism – focus on women: How women become radicalised, and how to empower them to prevent radicalisation (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 23.12.2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, focuses on Islamist radicalisation and violent extremism in the EU and has two aims: 1) to explore and ... read more


Radicalisationin Bulgaria: Threats and Trends (2015)

Type: Study / research article Published: 28.03.2015

The phenomena of radicalisation today develop and change at high speed, with their extreme forms manifested globally. The destructive dimensions of (violent) Islamist or right-wing radicalisation have become dramatically visible in Europe posing serious challenges to European societies at large. This ... read more


Radicalization and foreign fighters in the Kosovo context – An analysis of international media coverage (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.04.2018

Radicalization and foreign fighters in the Kosovo* context – An analysis of international media coverage  (2018) Kosovar Centre for Security Studies (KCSS) in collaboration with the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) has published the findings of the report “Radicalization ... read more


RAN guidelines for effective alternative and counter-narrative campaigns (GAMMMA+) (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 31.12.2017

If you want to develop effective alternative and counter-narratives, then these guidelines are for you! The RAN ́s Communication and Narratives working group (RAN C&N) has developed the following practical guidelines for carrying out effective alternative and counter-narrative campaigns. ... read more


RAN paper: Multi-agency working and preventing violent extremism I (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 07.05.2018

This issue paper: • Introduces different models of MAW (Section 2) •Discusses the importance of threat and hazard specification (i.e. specifying the threat of concern (Section 3) • Summarises key lessons gleaned from relevant meetings of the RAN H&SC working group (Section4). A ... read more


RAN YOUNG – Policy Recommendations (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 07.05.2018

Young people constitute by far the highest percentage of individuals joining violent extremist groups Young people were previously considered merely as the source of the radicalisation problem, but now we realise they are also an underexplored resource in the fight against extremism. According to ... read more


Reflections on Efforts to Prevent and Counter Radicalization and Violent Extremism in the Balkans (2017)

Type: Study / research article Published: 07.06.2017

Over the past two years there has been a marked increase in the attention given to the issue of preventing and countering violent extremism in the Balkans. This reflects global worries about ISIS-inspired violence in Syria and Iraq, but also attacks committed in ISIS’s name in other countries, ... read more


RELIGIOUS RADICALISM AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM IN ALBANIA (2015)

Type: Study / research article Published: 05.03.2015

This study has collected, generated, and analyzed data on the phenomenon of religious radicalization and violent extremism with the aim of informing policymaking and stakeholders involved in addressing this phenomenon and the challenges interrelated with it. The research methodology approaches ... read more


Report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Da’esh) to international peace and security and the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat

Type: Official document Published: 31.05.2016

Report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Da'esh) to international peace and security and the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat. read more


Report on the activities of the Regional Cooperation Council in the area of Countering Radicalization and Violent Extremism

Type: Official document Published: 01.02.2017

The emergence of new security threats in recent years, such as radicalisation and terrorism captured the attention of the RCC participants from South East Europe (SEE). The RCC participants, consequently, have called on the RCC to engage and contribute to addressing this pernicious phenomenon. read more


Report on the activities of the Regional Cooperation Council in the area of Countering Radicalization and Violent Extremism (CVE)

Type: Official document Published: 28.02.2017

The report provides an overview of the year 2016, unveils the steps made by the RCC towards strengthening coordination and cooperation on countering radicalization and violent extremism at national and regional levels, under the political umbrella of the SEECP. It puts forward recommendations that ... read more


REPORT: Albania’s Anti-Terrorism Steps

Type: Official document Published: 26.09.2016

Despite limited resources, Albania has continued to support the global war on terrorism and is an active country in the global anti-terror fight. The fight against terrorism is and remains one of the main priorities of our government. Albania is committed to serve the goal of national and international ... read more


Resolution of the UN Security Council - 2178 (2014) on Foreign Terrorist Fighters

Type: Official document Published: 26.02.2014

Resolution 2178 requires countries to take certain steps to address the FTF threat, including to prevent suspected FTFs from entering or transiting their territories and to have laws to prosecute FTFs. It also calls on states to undertake various steps to improve international cooperation in ... read more


SEE CVE-FTF Platform

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

Radicalization, violent extremism, terrorism, and foreign fighters are interconnected phenomena. No part of the world is safe from them, and these threats are recently on increase. Radicalization leading to the outflow of foreign terrorist fighters is a phenomenon with a serious presence in South ... read more


Slovenian Action Plan in the Fight Against Terrorism (2001)

Type: Official document Published: 10.04.2001

Slovenia confirms its solidarity with the United States and its participation in the international anti-terrorist coalition. Slovenia is determined to participate in the activities of this coalition to the best of its abilities; The Government and the Council for National Security are closely ... read more


Strategic Implementation Plan for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism (2016)

Type: Official document Published: 01.10.2016

In 2011, the United States adopted the Strategy for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism in the United States (Strategy) and a corresponding Strategic Implementation Plan. Since publication, the mission to prevent violent extremism has progressed, and violent extremist threats ... read more


Strategy of Bosnia and Herzegovina for preventing and combating terrorism 2015-2020

Type: Official document Published: 01.01.2015

The Strategy of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Prevention and Combating Terrorism (hereinafter referred to as the Counter-Terrorism Strategy) is endorsed to pursue combating terrorism and terrorism-related phenomena in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in order to meet the commitments undertaken ... read more


STRATEGY ON PREVENTION OF VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND RADICALISATION LEADING TO TERRORISM 2015-2020

Type: Official document Published: 06.09.2015

Government of the Republic of Kosovo is responsible for ensuring the protection and security of its inhabitants, together with the protection of their rights to freedom of opinion and religion. Inthis regard, the Government is determined to draft a strategy that will address, in a responsiblemanner, ... read more


Terrorism, Diplomacy, and State Communications (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 14.05.2018

In countering the communications of terrorist organisations, states face a number of distinct challenges. Blatant lying can be at the expense of a state’s authority, credibility, and instrumental effectiveness. Effective state communications need to be integrated, multidimensional and persuasive. ... read more


The Concept of Countering Violent Extremism

Type: Study / research article Published: 01.12.2015

After the terrorist attacks in Paris, Europe is stepping up repressive measures to combat terrorism. Yet, prevention and the “soft” aspects of counterterrorism measures must also be kept in mind. The concept of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), in conjunction with peace and development ... read more


The Concept of Countering Violent Extremism (2015)

Type: Study / research article Published: 05.04.2015

This analysis explores the concept of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), which is designed to work in conjunction with peace and development efforts in order to provide a "soft" approach towards countering terrorism. After describing the origins and evolution of the CVE concept, which ... read more


The Criminal Code of the Republic of Moldova (2002)

Type: Official document Published: 18.04.2002

The Criminal Code of the Republic of Moldova No. 985-XV dated 18.04.2002 Republished: Official Monitor of the Republic of Moldova No. 72-74/195 dated 14.04.2009 Official Monitor of the Republic of Moldova No. 128-129/1012 dated 13.09.2002 read more


The Lure of the Syrian War: the foreign fighters’ Bosnian Contigent (2015)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.04.2018

The Lure of the Syrian War: The Foreign Fighters’ Bosnian Contingent is based on extensive research that examined the dynamics of the civil war in Syria and the role of  foreign fighters, especially those from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It provides the first comprehensive analysis of the foreign ... read more


The Media Literacy index (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 05.04.2018

The 2018 Media Literacy index of the Open Society Institute in Sofia says Balkan countries are the most susceptible in Europe to 'fake' news – owing to their highly controlled media, low educational levels and low levels of trust in society. For a second consecutive year, the index assess the potential ... read more


The New Lure of the Syrian War – the foreign fighters’ Bosnian Contigent (2016)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.04.2018

The departure of citizens from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) to battlefields in Syria and Iraq, and the possibility of their return, is obviously worrying; but this is not the most immanent security threat facing BiH, which continues to be constrained by a peace agreement that embodied rather than ... read more


The Radicalisation Awareness Network Leaflet

Type: Journalist article Published: 16.03.2018

A leaflet of the Radicalisation Awareness Network, you can find leaflet translated in Bosnian and Serbian language. read more


The refugee and migrant crisis: new pressing challenges for CVE policies

Type: Journalist article Published: 16.03.2018

All over Europe, Member States should be asking themselves whether their CVE agenda is up to date. The recent surge of right-wing extremism and growing polarisation, both fuelled by the migrant crisis, are not on the CVE agenda in many countries. At the same time, radicalisation and recruitment ... read more


The role of police online in PVE and CVE: It takes a network to defeat an extremist network (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 08.05.2018

Social media are a major asset for extremists. Police attempting to prevent and counter extremism cannot leave the online dimension untouched. But what are their options? In this paper, we introduce some approaches that police could use as part of their online contribution to preventing and countering ... read more


The Roles of Families and Communities in Strengthening Community Resilience Against Violent Extremism (2014)

Type: Study / research article Published: 20.05.2014

In recent years, a great deal of attention has been directed at understanding why and how individuals can be mobilized to support or commit acts of violent extremism and  terrorism, and whether there are intervention points along the process of radicalization  or mobilization which offer ... read more


The State Agency for National Security Act (Bulgaria)

Type: Official document Published: 01.01.2017

This Act governs the internal organisation and functioning of the State Agency for National Security, the status of its personnel and the powers and duties of its officers. The State Agency for National Security, hereunder to be referred to as "the Agency", shall be a specialised body under ... read more


The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy - Resolution A/RES/60/288 (2006)

Type: Official document Published: 08.09.2006

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy on 8 September 2006. The strategy is a unique global instrument to enhance national, regional and international efforts to counter terrorism.   Through its adoption that all Member States have agreed the first time to ... read more


The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy Review

Type: Official document Published: 19.07.2016

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The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes

Type: Official document Published: 01.09.2012

The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes is a rapidly growing phenomenon, requiring a proactive and coordinated response from Member States. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) plays a key role in providing assistance to Member States, in furtherance of its mandate to strengthen ... read more


Transformative Approaches to Violent Extremism (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 25.06.2018

Handbook Dialogue No. 13 Dealing with violent extremism (VE) has emerged as a central framework of analysis and policy-making in most Western and non-Western government agencies. It is also heavily shaping the programming of non-governmental agencies, not least due to the availability of related ... read more


UK National Cyber Security Sstategy 2016-2021

Type: Official document Published: 07.03.2016

The UK is one of the world’s leading digital nations. Much of our prosperity now depends on our ability to secure our technology, data and networks from the many threats we face. Yet cyber attacks are growing more frequent, sophisticated and damaging when they succeed. So we are taking decisive ... read more


UN - General Assembly - Resolution A/RES/62/272 (2008)

Type: Official document Published: 15.09.2008

The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, contained in General Assembly resolution 60/288, and its review resolutions 62/272 and 64/297, continue to provide the strategic framework and policy guidance to the collective effort of the United Nations system on countering terrorism. read more


UN - General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/276. (The fourth review of the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2014)

Type: Official document Published: 27.03.2014

The General Assembly reviews the Strategy every two years, making it a living document attuned to Member States’ counter-terrorism priorities. The fourth review of the Strategy took place in June 2014 (A/RES/68/276) and was preceded by a report from the United Nations Secretary-General (A/68/841) ... read more


UN - General Assembly Resolution A/RES/70/291. (The fifth review of the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2016)

Type: Official document Published: 01.06.2016

The UN General Assembly noted in its fifth review of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy the importance of cooperation among stakeholders in the implementation of the Strategy, including among Member States, international, regional and subregional organizations, the private sector ... read more


UN Global Counter -Terrorism Strategy

Type: Official document Published: 08.09.2006

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy on 8 September 2006. The strategy is a unique global instrument to enhance national, regional and international efforts to counter terrorism. read more


United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001)

Type: Official document Published: 01.10.2001

Prior to the adoption of resolution 1373 (2001) and the establishment of the Counter-Terrorism Committee, the international community had already promulgated 12 of the current 16 international counter-terrorism legal instruments (2001). However, the rate of adherence to these conventions and protocols ... read more


UNODC's Counter-Terrorism Learning Platform

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

The Platform is an interactive tool specifically designed for the training of criminal justice officials in the fight against terrorism, whilst incorporating them into a single virtual community where they can share their experiences and perspectives to fight terrorism. read more


UNSCR on fight against terrorism 2341 - 2017

Type: Official document Published: 13.02.2017

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UNSCR on Terrorism 2253 - 2015

Type: Official document Published: 17.12.2015

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US Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism: An Assessment - Foreign Policy Research Institute (2012)

Type: Journalist article Published: 01.12.2012

The United States and its allies devote considerable financial and human resources to countering violent extremism (CVE). CVE is a central pillar of the United States’ domestic and international counterterrorism effort, following the lead of the United Kingdom’s Prevent initiative begun several ... read more


WBCTi - Integrative Plan of Action 2015-2017

Type: Official document Published: 16.03.2018

This document introduces the achievements of WBCTi iPA 2015-2017 implementation and also clearly outlines those instances where, according to our methodology, a priority from 2015-2017 will continue to be addressed in the WBCTi iPA 2018-2020. It is the assessment of the Lead Partners that so far, the ... read more


WBCTi - Integrative Plan of Action 2018-2020

Type: Official document Published: 26.06.2018

WBCTi draft Integrative Plan of Action (iPA) 2018-2020 offers to coordinate support of the international community to the WB Countries in response to the Violent Extremism and Terrorism threat to the Western Balkans. Download from wb-iisg.com: Link  read more


We did criminalize it – now what? Western Balkans response to the foreign fighters threat (2014)

Type: Study / research article Published: 01.09.2014

The civil war in Syria has attracted plenty of attention due to various reasons, starting from the appalling humanitarian catastrophe, the criticism for inactivity of the big power sand the use of prohibited arms such as chemical weapons. Lately, more and more signs of worry come as a result of ... read more


Western Balkan Counter-Terrorism Initiative (WBCTi) - Integrative Plan of Action 2015-2017- Final Report

Type: Official document Published: 26.03.2018

At the time of the endorsement of the WBCTi (Western Balkan Counter-Terrorism Initiative) in December 2015, more than 50 partners (UN, EU institutions and Member States, regional initiatives, project leaders, state donors) had recognized the multi-faceted benefits of the WBCTi and its Integrative ... read more


Western Balkans Extremism Research Forum - Albania report (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 26.04.2018

Western Balkans Extremism Research Forum is a regional, UK government funded, research project on violent extremism aiming to assess dimensions of threats emanating from the Western Balkans region. It aims to enhance understanding and increase ability of the UK and its Western Balkans partners ... read more


Western Balkans Extremism Research Forum - Bosnia and Herzegovina report (2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 20.06.2018

Western Balkans Extremism Research Forum is a regional, UK government funded, research project on violent extremism aiming to assess dimensions of threats emanating from the Western Balkans region. It aims to enhance understanding and increase ability of the UK and its Western Balkans partners ... read more


Western Balkans Extremism Research Forum - Serbia report (april 2018)

Type: Study / research article Published: 12.06.2018

Since 2016 the UK government funded a research project entitled “The Extremism Research Forum”, conducted by a team of local researchers. The research aims at addressing a series of questions including those about forms and threats of extremism, drivers of radicalisation, at-risk communities, ... read more


Women and Terrorist Radicalization

Type: Official document Published: 12.12.2011

The Transnational Threats Department/Action against Terrorism Unit (TNTD/ATU) and Gender Section in the OSCE Secretariat, together with the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), organized two expert roundtables on women and terrorist radicalization, held in Vienna respectively ... read more


Work of the Terrorism Prevention Branch

Type: Official document Published: 20.03.2017

The Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the key United Nations entity with the mandate and expertise to deliver counter-terrorism legal technical assistance to Member States for the ratification, legislative incorporation and implementation of ... read more


Youth Engagement to Counter Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism

Type: Official document Published: 23.10.2012

On 23-24 October 2012, the OSCE Secretariat’s Transnational Threats Department/Action against Terrorism Unit (TNTD/ATU) and the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) jointly held an expert roundtable on Youth Engagement to Counter Violent Extremism and Radicalization that ... read more