The SEE 2020 strategy targets deeper regional trade and investment linkages to support and export-led and FDI-driven type of growth in South East Europe trough policy efforts in its key dimensions.
South East Europe is committed to advancing from state of low activity and high social exclusion to a situation where benefits of growth are shared by all by undertaking concrete joint actions in employment and health.
South East Europe has the potential to build a new competitive edge, driven by knowledge and innovation and based on its human capital, which, together with innovative entrepreneurship shape the foundations, grounded on modern information and communications technologies, for advancement of creative industries.
Sustainable and accessible transport and energy infrastructure lead to a competitive economic base and a resource efficient economy.
Public governance is a key cross-cutting issue in the agenda of SEE 2020. The strategy sets ambitious targets for public governance from setting up transparent, well functioning and efficient administrations to the containment of corruption and major progress in instituting the rule of law.
The Regional Cooperation Council promotes mutual cooperation and European and Euro-Atlantic integration of South East Europe in order to inspire development in the region to benefit its people
Infrastructure and Environment is a part of the Sustainable Growth pillar of the South East Europe (SEE) 2020 Strategy that aims to boost growth and jobs by supporting a strong, diversified and competitive economic base, while becoming better connected, more sustainable, and more resource efficient.
Currently energy efficiency, transport connectivity and environmental protection vary in their level of development in the different countries of the region. A shift to more international cooperation and competition would increase performance in terms of both output and exports, thus supporting the main headline targets of the SEE 2020 Strategy. Competitiveness can be improved by supporting enterprise development through coordinated legal, financial and policy frameworks, as well as through enhanced corporate linkages.
Energy, transport and environment each include main measures to reduce energy intensity, support transportation modernisation, increase resource efficiency and improve environment in a sustainable way. Improvement in total energy efficiency and reductions in fuel costs per unit are going to affect the transport sector and consequently decrease the unit cost of transport, in turn, that will improve the integration of the region into the international economy and create conditions for intra-regional trade. With improvement in overall transport efficiency, that facilitates competitiveness in industries based on wood, biodiversity and food processing, as well as related industries, which constitutes a future regional competitive advantage.
These targets are in line with the overall strategy objectives and include measurable targets for enterprise creation (+12%) and per capita export development (2.3 times).
Dimensions and Actions:
Energy supply is the backbone of economic growth, and therefore, its shortage or unaffordability becomes a constraining factor for economic development. The need to reduce our carbon footprint, while at the same time meeting the increasing level of energy consumption, requires new technological solutions, modernization of the energy sector and more and better dialogue with our neighbours. SEE 2020 Strategy aims to support the implementation of the relevant actions, deriving from the Energy Community Strategy.
Strategy SEE 2020 also foresees other relevant regional energy cooperation activities such as strengthening cooperation with parliamentarians, reduction of green-house-gases emissions and sustainable energy development through implementation of Sustainable Energy Development Regional Initiative (SEDRI).
Dimension coordinator: Energy Community Secretariat
The transport dimension of the Strategy builds on the commitments given by the countries in the context of the 2004 Memorandum of Understanding on a regional transport network (South East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO) Comprehensive Network) and the likely obligations under the forthcoming Transport Community Treaty, which aims to establish an integrated market for infrastructure and transport, and to enhance the transport operations within the region and with the European Union (EU).
The Strategy further builds on the Single European Sky (SES) and the Joint Service Provision Area (JSPA) initiative, which is in direction of creating proactive relationships between regional Civil Aviation Agencies (CAAs) and Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) and in line with the European key performance areas: Safety, Capacity, Environment, and Cost efficiency.
In addition, the transport strategy is framed by the work of the Danube and Sava River Commissions and the EU Strategy on the Danube Region, and also it envisages a further integration of inter-modal aspects. Finally, it focuses on future transport needs, while using modern transport management and telecommunication capabilities (such as GALILEO).
SEE 2020 sets ambitious targets for transport:
Dimension coordinator: South East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO)
Community-based approach to climate change adaptation aims to speed up and facilitate raising of the adaptive capacity in the region, intensify education, awareness raising and practical actions leading to reduction of the climate change impacts, with the special focus on the least developed communities and most vulnerable target groups.
To adapt to changed climate conditions it is necessary to ensure sufficient amount of water for the construction of irrigation systems on the agriculture land convenient for irrigation. The region plans a twofold increase of share of irrigated agriculture land by 2020 as an ambitious but realistic goal.
It is of huge importance to meliorate devastated and coppiced forests, enhance reforestation and forestation of unused land. New forest will be additional carbon sink; protect areas from wind and erosion; improve micro-climate, ecosystem services and quality of underground water; increase new employment and create numerous economic, environmental and social benefits.
Dimension coordinator: Regional Environmental Center
This dimension comprises seven areas, with interlinked targets. Regional coordination in the fields of corporate social responsibility (CSR), competition policy and tax policy support the development of small and medium enterprises (SME) policy and access to finance. Linkages projects benefit from these policy improvements and will also add new policy dimensions to regional activities by developing pilot projects in three selected economic activities.
Dimension coordinator: South East Europe Investment Committee (SEEIC)
Balkan Barometer 2016: Public Opinion Survey